What is Cyber Security?

What is cyber Security?

It is imperative to guarantee cyber security in a society where technology is becoming more and more integrated into every element of life. Understanding the foundations of cybersecurity is essential for everyone navigating the digital realm, including governments, enterprises, and individuals.

This blog post explores the many forms of cybersecurity and attempts to demystify its fundamentals while also highlighting potential risks.

1. What is Cyber Security?

Cybersecurity is the use of techniques, methods, technology, and policies to prevent or lessen cyberattacks on servers, desktops, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and sensitive data. To put it another way, it also has to do with guarding against unwanted access to the enormous volumes of private data we save online as well as on our devices.

Attackers are employing new techniques driven by artificial intelligence (AI) and social manipulation more frequently to get beyond established data security measures. As a result, the cybersecurity industry must change to keep up with new threats and technical advancements in the digital environment.

2. What is the reason for the rise in cyber security?

Businesses are susceptible to disruption, damage, or even destruction by cyberattacks, and the financial damages incurred by victims only increase. As per IBM’s 2023 Cost of Data Breach study, the mean expense incurred by a data breach is at $4.45 million, indicating a 15% surge in the previous three years.

According to projections, by 2025, cybercrime may cost the world economy an astounding $10.5 trillion annually. As the cyber threat landscape evolves, there is a natural rise in worldwide spending on security measures.

Global investment on safety measures is naturally rising as the threat environment for cybersecurity grows

Consequently, the following are the principal advantages of investing in cybersecurity:

  • Don’t let cyberattacks lead your company to suffer irreparable harm.
  • Reduce the likelihood that necessary security procedures will be broken.
  • Drastically lower the chance of a data leak.
  • Reduce the effects that supply chain assaults may have on third parties who compromise their security.

3. Type of Cyber Security

3.1. Network Security

Cybersecurity pertains to the implementation of safeguards against unapproved access, abuse, alteration, or denial of service attacks on computer network equipment.  It entails technology such as firewalls, intrusion prevention and detection systems (IDPS), virtual private networking  (VPNs), and division of networks.  The major objectives are to keep internet resources continuously available, stop unwanted access to data, and guarantee that data is private and undisturbed.

3.2. Application Security

Application security guards against unwanted access to and misuse of apps and the information that they are connected with, protecting both based on the cloud and on-premises apps.  Additionally, it guards against any flaws in the application’s architecture that would allow attackers to infiltrate the internet.  Security precautions and checks for safety are integrated into application development processes using modern methodologies like DevOps and DevSecOps.

3.3. Data Security

Data security is the process of preventing unwanted access, disclosure, alteration, or elimination of private information.  This involves deploying encryption, putting in place access rules, categorizing data, and taking precautions to avoid data loss.

  • The practice of promptly locating, investigating, and reacting to security events is known as incident response.
  • Information security must be maintained by increasing user understanding of security issues.
  • Encrypted text is understood as any information that can be protected from unwanted access by using encryption, which transforms data into an incomprehensible format.

3.4. Cloud Security

Cloud security guarantees that a company’s cloud-based assets and services such as virtual servers, apps, data, storage, development instruments, and cloud infrastructure are protected. In other words, a shared responsibility paradigm governs cloud security: the client is in charge of protecting data, code, and other assets stored or performed in the cloud, while the cloud service supplier assumes responsibility for safeguarding the services they offer and the physical structure that encourages them.

3.5. Mobile Security

It comprises safeguarding data—both personal and organizational—stored on mobile devices, including tablets, smartphones, and other comparable models from many malevolent risks, including illegal access, misplaced or stolen hardware and so on.

Mobile devices are already commonplace tools for daily chores. People use mobile phones a lot for personal daily work. Regular data backups on cell phones are essential to reduce the possibility of losing data due to vandalism, harm, or device failure.

Mobile devices often establish connections with a range of networks, including open Wi-Fi, which may leave them vulnerable to safety risks. When using safe connectivity, including encrypted Wi-Fi networks or mobile data connections, it is imperative to give them top priority.

3.6. Endpoint security

Cyberattacks still mostly originate from endpoints, which include servers, PCs, laptops, and handheld devices like Smartphones, tablet. In addition to shielding the network from attackers who use endpoints as launching pads for their criminal acts, endpoint safety is intended to safeguard users and these devices against cyberattacks.

4. Threats to network security

4.1. Malware

Any computer program or piece of software designed specifically to harm a person or computer system is referred to as malware. Cybercriminals and hackers create and utilize malware to take control of devices remotely, access confidential data without authorization, interfere with or harm a computer system, or steal data or systems to extort a large ransom.

4.2. Ransomware

A sort of malicious program known as ransomware is intended to prevent users from accessing documents or the computer systems until a monetary ransom is paid. Ransomware assaults made up 17% of all cyberattacks in 2022, according to the IBM Security 2023 X-Force Threat Intelligence Index.

Ransomware is a cyber security threat

Ransomware is used to spread through many channels including phishing emails, phishing websites, and software bugs. When malware enters the computer’s operating system, it encrypts files or sometimes the entire system, preventing users from accessing data. Once payment is made, the attackers sometimes threaten to remove the files or raise the ransom.

4.3. Cheating

Phishing attacks entail persuading people to download malware, divulge private information, or send money to unidentified parties via email, text, or voice communications. Large-scale phishing campaigns sometimes involve credit card information or phony messages seeming to be from esteemed businesses. The goal of these intricate con games is to steal substantial sums of money or valuable data.

Conclusion

Cybersecurity, to put it briefly, is essential to safeguarding data, networks, and digital systems against evolving cyber threats. As technology develops, solid safeguards are put in place to guarantee that people, businesses, and communities will be resilient in the age of technology. 

Please contact our professionals if you require any information concerning cybersecurity.

Son Le, the CEO of SphinX, a leading SAP and software company in Vietnam, is acknowledged for his exceptional expertise as a technology consultant. Feel free to connect with him on LinkedIn.

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