Frameworks are tools and libraries that other developers have created to achieve a specific technical goal or to make developing in a particular language easier. In other words, the framework make it possible for software developers to build programs for a particular platform. 

1. Top 6 popular frameworks for Backend Developers

  • Django 

Django is a free and open source web framework written in Python. 

One of the advantages of Django is being able to go from developing an idea to completing an entire project very quickly and efficiently. As a kind of “batteries-included” framework, Django comes with everything you need to build and deploy a useful full-featured web application like features like instant messaging and authentication. 

Django can also reduce the amount of code, simplify the creation of web applications and speed up development time. 

In addition, this Python framework will help developers avoid common security mistakes by automatically protecting websites. To do this, Django will manage accounts and passwords without writing relevant information to a cookie file, where that information can be stolen. 

  • Spring Boot 

Spring Boot is an extension of Spring that makes development, testing and deployment more convenient. Spring Boot is a Java-based framework for building server-side applications, aimed at simplifying the operation of microservices. 

Spring Boot can deliver flexible XML configurations, batch processing, database transactions, simple workflows, and development tools. Spring Boot works by providing default code, which helps to launch new Spring projects in real time. 

One of the outstanding benefits of Spring is being able to easily build and test Java applications, with default settings for unit testing and integration testing. This framework also helps to configure components for Spring-based applications, reducing development time and increasing the efficiency of the development process. 

  • ExpressJS framework for Node.js platform 

Node.js is a server platform, based on Javascript, that can fulfill most requirements that programmers look for in a framework. In Node.js there are different frameworks, specifically ExpressJS, which are considered the most popular and widely used. Overall, it’s an easily extensible framework and is ideal for developing microarchitectures for server-side applications. 

One of the outstanding features is that this framework uses the V8 engine. Many large web application projects have been developed based on this engine such as Chrome browser and other web browsers. 

This framework allows code to be written and launched on the server, which is also what makes Express so valuable. Thanks to the high performance and ability to create projects of various types on the basis of what Node.js provides, the performance of this framework is superior to many other frameworks. 

  • ASP.NET Core 

ASP.NET Core is a free and open source framework that “successfully” inherits ASP.NET – a widely used backend framework. ASP.NET Core is a modular framework that can run the entire .NET framework on Windows and .NET Core. 

With ASP.NET Core, you don’t need to write a lot of code because the backend system of this framework is inherently quite convenient for developers. As a result, application development time is shortened and also more cost-effective. Also, less code means less maintenance. ASP.NET Core can be automatically maintained in cases where there is only a small amount of code. Programmers can optimize ASP.NET code with just a few statements. 

The biggest advantage of using ASP.NET Core framework is better performance. Using the latest updates and enhancements helps developers improve their code and enhance the performance of their apps. The built-in ASP.NET compiler has the ability to enhance the code when ASP.NET Core is recompiled with the code. 

  • TensorFlow

TensorFlow by Google is an open source general purpose platform used to build machine learning and deep learning models for cloud, mobile, web, and desktop solutions. It is considered as one of the best frameworks for data science. 

You can import a variety of data quite easily — from images and graphs to SQL, and because of the C and C++ backend, TensorFlow runs pretty fast. 

TensorFlow has been heavily used by some of the most successful business companies from different industries such as Airbus, Intel, Twitter, Coca-Cola, eBay, Snapchat, PayPal and many more. Many small or medium businesses can also benefit greatly from TensorFlow due to the flexibility and ease of use of the framework. 

  • Flask 

Flask is a Python-based micro web framework that doesn’t require specific libraries and tools. This backend framework does not require forms validation, database abstraction layer (DBAL), or components that need functionality from an external source. 

The FLASK microframework is designed to deliver high performance for most users thanks to the fact that the framework has little level of abstraction between the user and the database, cache and requests. 

On the other hand, this framework is highly modular. Flask uses modular code that makes the whole process simpler for developers. This framework allows them to instantly create multiple Flask servers and applications, distributed across extensive server networks with specific purposes. 

2. Top 5 popular web frameworks for Web Developers

  • Angular 

Angular is an open-source, Typescript-based JS framework that makes it easy to build web applications. Angular helps solve application development challenges by combining declarative templates, dependency injection, full tools, and more. 

Angular is the modern “successor” of the incredibly popular and feature-rich JavaScript framework AngularJS. Based on similar philosophies as JavaScript, Angular focuses more on components-based architecture to promote reusability. Some of the design features that made AngularJS so popular among programmers are still present in Angular, such as two-way data binding. 

The framework also brings many third-party integrations to provide Reactive functionality along with other features and additions to take on large development projects. 

  • Ruby On Rails 

Ruby on Rails has been at the forefront of web development projects since websites became popular in the early 2000s. Since then more than two decades have passed, but Rails has always been a popular and ongoing framework. renew. 

Although it has been around for a long time, Rails still includes features and functionality that are now very popular among the recently designed frameworks. These features include a focus on convention over configuration, DRY software patterns, MVC design, and asynchronous, reactive programming. 

Rails has actually pioneered and embodied the “batteries-included” approach in the framework world. Rails includes everything you are looking for from ORM, Database Migrations, Middleware, Caching and Security. 

  • Laravel 

Laravel is a PHP-based framework that can deliver maximum value with minimal cost to the developers using it. According to Google Trends, Laravel is the most powerful PHP framework, with a standardized and full-featured platform for developing a high-performance PHP web application. 

Designed as an end-to-end framework, Laravel provides everything from ORM (Object Relational Mapping) to Middleware, Caching, Security and Session Management right from the first installation. 

As a modern web framework, Laravel follows a components-based design. Along with that, Laravel has an elegant and expressive syntax, making Laravel well-suited for rapid application development. The framework also uses the model-view-controller design model, which is easy to understand and use. 

  • ReactJS 

React is not a framework at all. Technically, developers consider React as a front-end library to aid in creating functionality for projects. However, almost all over the world, developers still use React as a framework to discuss and compare other web frameworks. 

With its components-based design, React aspires to maximize the opportunities for reuse of components and aim for simplicity and strong design principles. As a cross-platform front-end solution, React makes it easy for developers to combine back-end technologies in web development. 

React also “launched” the virtual DOM to improve performance and that has made React one of the most efficient, attractive and reliable frameworks for front-end developers. 

  • VueJS 

Vue is a simple, accessible, and fast client-side JavaScript framework. Vue prides itself on being able to help developers create more functionality with less code. 

Vue combines the advantages of React’s virtual DOM with Angular’s two-way data binding into a web framework to bring many benefits to Web developers. In addition, Vue follows the same convention over configuration as Ruby on Rails. 


After understanding what a framework is, along with a list of 15+ of the most popular frameworks today, we hope you have more information to be able to choose the right framework you want to learn. 

(Source: Internet)

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