Automated testing is also called test automation or automated QA testing. When executed well, it relieves much of the manual requirements of the testing lifecycle.
- What is Automation testing?
Automation testing is a software testing approach that executes a test case suite using particular automated testing software tools. Manual testing, on the other hand, is carried out by a human sitting in front of a computer, painstakingly carrying out the test processes.
The program may also insert test data into the System Under Test, compare predicted and actual outcomes, and create complete test reports. Software test automation necessitates significant financial and resource commitments.
Repeated execution of the same test suite will be required in subsequent development cycles. This test suite may be recorded and replayed as needed using a test automation tool. No human interaction is necessary after the test suite has been automated. This increased the ROI of test automation. The purpose of automation is to minimize the number of test cases that must be executed manually, not to completely remove manual testing.
- Types of Automated Testing
- Smoke Testing
- Unit Testing
- Integration Testing
- Functional Testing
- Keyword Testing
- Regression Testing
- Data Driven Testing
- Black Box Testing
- Why is Test Automation Necessary?
Test automation is the most effective approach to improve software testing effectiveness, test coverage, and execution speed. The following are the reasons why automated software testing is important:
- Manual Testing all procedures, fields, and negative cases takes time and money.
- Manually testing for multilingual sites is challenging.
- In software testing, test automation does not require human interaction. Unattended automated testing is possible (overnight)
- Test automation accelerates test execution.
- Automation aids in increasing test coverage.
- Manual Testing can become tedious and hence error-prone.
- Which test cases should be automated?
To enhance the automation ROI, test cases may be chosen using the following criteria.
- High-risk – mission-critical test scenarios
- Test scenarios that are run repeatedly
- Test cases that are extremely time-consuming or difficult to complete manually
- Test Cases that take a long time
The following types of test cases are ineligible for automation:
- Newly developed test cases that have not been personally performed at least once
- Test Cases when the requirements change regularly
- Test cases that be run on an as-needed basis.
- Automated Testing Process
Following steps are followed in an Automation Process
Step 1) Test Tool Selection
Step 2) Define scope of Automation
Step 3) Planning, Design and Development
Step 4) Test Execution
Step 5) Maintenance
- Framework for Automation
A framework is set of automation guidelines which help in
- Maintaining consistency of Testing
- Improves test structuring
- Minimum usage of code
- Less Maintenance of code
- Improve re-usability
- Non Technical testers can be involved in code
- The training period of using the tool can be reduced
- Involves Data wherever appropriate
There are four types of frameworks used in automation software testing:
- Data Driven Automation Framework
- Keyword Driven Automation Framework
- Modular Automation Framework
- Hybrid Automation Framework
Test Automation is a software testing approach that executes a test case suite using particular automated testing software tools.
Test automation is the most effective approach to improve software testing effectiveness, test coverage, and execution speed.
The technology on which the Application Under Test is based heavily influences the test tool selection.
Maintenance of Test Automation Approach is an automation testing process used to determine whether or not the new software functions are performing properly.
The correct automation tool, testing procedure, and team are all critical factors in the success of automation. For successful testing, manual and automated approaches must coexist.