When you decide to become a web developer or a programmer, HTML can be a good choice to start learning. Here Sphinx will give you a clear introduction to what is HTML. This is quite simple and easy-to-understand language. That can attract your attention to learn to code. What’s your age that does not matter, you can start learning today with HTML.

  1. What Exactly Is HTML?

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is a computer language that is used to create most web pages and online applications. A hypertext is a piece of text that refers to other pieces of text, whereas a markup language is a set of symbols that instructs web servers about the style and structure of a page.

  1. How does HTML work?

A typical website contains a number of HTML pages. A home page, a about page, and a contact page, for example, would all have their own HTML files.

HTML documents are files with the extensions.html or.htm. A web browser reads the HTML file and produces its content for internet users to see.

Every HTML page has a collection of HTML components, which include tags and attributes. HTML components are the foundation of a web page. A tag tells the web browser where an element begins and finishes, whereas an attribute defines an element’s properties.

An element’s three primary components are:

  • Opening tag. Used to indicate where an element begins to take effect. The tag is surrounded by opening and closing angle brackets. For example, to construct a paragraph, use the start tag.
  • Content. This is the output that other users see.
  • Closing tag. Same to opening tag, but with a forward slash before the element name. For example, </p> can be used to conclude a paragraph.
  1. Pros & Cons of HTML

HTML, like every other computer language, has advantages and disadvantages. Here are the pros and cons of HTML:

  • Pros:

Beginner-friendly. HTML features crisp, uniform markup and a short learning curve.

Support. The language is extensively used, and it has a strong community and a lot of resources behind it.

Accessible. It is totally open-source and free. HTML is supported by all web browsers.

Flexible. HTML integrates well with backend languages such as PHP and Node.js.

  • Cons:

Static. The language is mostly used to create static web pages. You may need to employ JavaScript or a back-end language like PHP for dynamic functionality.

Create a separate HTML page. Even though the parts are the same, users must construct unique web pages for HTML.

Compatibility with browsers. Some browsers are sluggish to incorporate new functionality. Older browsers do not always render newer tags.

  1. What Is the Relationship Between HTML, CSS, and Javascript?

HTML is used to add text components and build content structure. Building a professional and completely responsive website, on the other hand, is insufficient. To construct the vast bulk of website content, HTML requires the assistance of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript.

CSS is in charge of style elements like as backgrounds, colors, layouts, spacing, and animations. JavaScript, on the other hand, offers dynamic functionality like as sliders, pop-ups, and photo galleries. These three programming languages are the foundations of front-end development.


HTML is the most common markup language used on the internet. Every HTML page has a set of elements that together form the content structure of a web page or application.

HTML is a user-friendly language with a lot of support that is mostly used for static internet pages. HTML works best when combined with CSS for style and JavaScript for functionality.

Let us know in the comments if you have any other good HTML learning materials. Best wishes.

Reference: Hostinger, What is HTML?

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